Enhancing Understanding on Safe Motorcycle and Three-Wheeler Use for Rural Transport. Final Country Report: Uganda

This Uganda Country Report presents the Uganda-specific findings of the project ‘Enhancing understanding on safe motorcycle and three-wheeler use for rural transport and the implications for appropriate training and regulatory frameworks’.

This project was carried out in Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda between September 2017 and January 2019. The study has revealed that motorcycle taxis are very important for rural travel, and are very popular among rural communities. As well as the many benefits that motorcycle taxis provide, riders and passengers also suffer from crashes, crime, abuse and health issues, and they create safety risks for other road users. The results of the study can be used by the Ugandan government and others to better understand the issues related to motorcycle taxis in rural areas and to develop policy and practice to maximise their benefits and minimise the disbenefits.

Click below to read the full report.

Enhancing understanding on safe motorcycle and three-wheeler use for rural transport. Final Country Report: Kenya

This Kenya Country Report presents the Kenya-specific findings of the project ‘Enhancing understanding on safe motorcycle and three-wheeler use for rural transport and the implications for appropriate training and regulatory frameworks’.

This project was carried out in Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda between September 2017 and January 2019. The study has revealed that motorcycle taxis are very important for rural travel, and are very popular among rural communities. While the study has revealed that in comparison to the other three countries, Kenya appears to be leading in the management of the motorcycle taxi sector, there are many areas in which improvements are needed. The results of the study can be used by the Kenyan government and others to better understand the issues related to motorcycle taxis in rural areas and to develop policy and practice to maximise their benefits and minimise the disbenefits.

Click below to read the full report.

Enhancing understanding on safe motorcycle and three-wheeler use for rural transport. Final Country Report: Ghana

This Ghana Country Report presents the Ghana-specific findings of the project ‘Enhancing understanding on safe motorcycle and three-wheeler use for rural transport and the implications for appropriate training and regulatory frameworks’.

This project was carried out in Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda between September 2017 and January 2019. The study has revealed that, despite the use of motorcycles and three-wheelers as taxis being illegal, they are very important for rural travel, and are popular among rural communities. The results of the study can be used by the Ghanaian government and others to better understand the issues related to motorcycle taxis in rural areas and to develop policy and practice to maximise their benefits and minimise the disbenefits.

Click below to read the full report.

Enhancing understanding on safe motorcycle and three-wheeler use for rural transport. Final Country Report: Tanzania

This Tanzania Country Report presents the Tanzania-specific findings of the project ‘Enhancing understanding on safe motorcycle and three-wheeler use for rural transport and the implications for appropriate training and regulatory frameworks’.

This project was carried out in Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda between September 2017 and January 2019. The study has revealed that motorcycle taxis are very important for rural travel, and are very popular among rural communities. As well as the many benefits that motorcycle taxis provide, riders and passengers also suffer from crashes, crime, abuse and health issues, and they create safety risks for other road users. The results of the study can be used by the Tanzanian government and others to better understand the issues related to motorcycle taxis in rural areas and to develop policy and practice to maximise their benefits and minimise the disbenefits.

Click below to read the full report.

Enhancing understanding on safe motorcycle and three-wheeler use for rural transport – Final Report

Throughout 2018, a project entitled ‘Enhancing understanding on safe motorcycle and three-wheeler use for rural transport and the implications for appropriate training and regulatory frameworks’ has been carried out in Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The project was funded by the UK’s Department for International Development (DfID) as part of the Research for Community Access Partnership (ReCAP), and was carried out by a consortium of Transaid, Amend and TRL.

The use of motorcycles has increased greatly in Africa in recent years and they are often used as taxis; with riders charging a fare to carry passengers or goods. In rural areas, motorcycle taxis play a crucial role in connecting people to services and farms to markets, and in many countries motorcycles are the most commonly found vehicle on rural roads.

Over 1,140 people in 32 settlements across the four countries took part in a survey looking at the benefits and disbenefits of motorcycle and three-wheeler taxis in rural areas. Riders, owners, passengers and other users, as well as people who do not use such vehicles, answered questions on topics including economics and finance, access and mobility, injuries, health issues, crime and personal security, access to services and protective equipment, and overall opinions.

The findings showed that motorcycle taxis are very important to rural communities: in many situations they are either the only existing, or the only affordable, mode of transport. In the survey locations, motorcycle taxis accounted for an average of 83% of all motorised trips, being used for business activities as well as personal transport. They are particularly important for emergency transport. For riders they are an important source of income.

As well as the many benefits of motorcycle taxis, the results of the survey also shed light on a number of disbenefits. Forty-one percent of riders reported that while riding a motorcycle taxi in a rural area they had suffered an injury that resulted in them either losing money or requiring medical attention, or affecting their family life. Incidents that caused injuries tended to be single vehicle crashes or falls that occurred when the rider was alone, and were caused by rider error. The vast majority of riders had never received training and had no driving licence. Some riders and passengers were worried about their personal security.  Riders also reported health issues that they attribute to riding a motorcycle, including respiratory problems, eye infection, stiffness and numbness.

But while motorcycle taxi riders and passengers face the risk of injury, personal security threats and health problems, this does not stop people from using motorcycle taxis – either as a means of earning money, or as a mode of transport.

Motorised three-wheeler taxis were also included in the study, but they were found to be very uncommon in the surveyed areas of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. In Ghana, motorised three-wheeler taxis were found to be used for both freight and passenger transport, although they are less common than motorcycle taxis.

The project has identified potential opportunities for improving road safety and personal safety, and for addressing health issues. These opportunities include effective training, licensing and enforcement of laws. Motorcycle taxi associations have the potential to play an important role in realising many of these opportunities.

Click below to read the full final report.

Document pédagogique sur la senibilisation a la sécurité routière pour les écoles primaires

En 2017, Transaid s’est associée aux partenaires d’exécution, l’ONG Lalana, pour réaliser le projet ALFA (Aro Loza amin’ny Fifamoivo Anzekoly, signifiant «éducation et sensibilisation des écoliers en matière de sécurité routière»).

Financé par l’intermédiaire du fonds d’innovation de Transaid, le but de Lalana était de réduire le nombre d’accidents de la route impliquant des enfants qui se rendant à l’école primaire, à Antananarivo, la capitale malgache.

Avec le soutien de Transaid et l’expertise technique d’Amend, Lalana a mis en place un programme visant à éduquer les élèves et à sensibiliser la communauté, ainsi qu’à améliorer la signalisation et le marquage des écoles afin de résoudre le problème de tous les côtés. Cependant, les efforts éducatifs du projet ont dépassé les salles de classe.

Pour en savoir plus, cliquez sur le lien ci-dessous.

*Pour la version de haute qualité du rapport qui affiche des photos de haute qualité, veuillez nous envoyer un courriel à info@transaid.org

A Manual for Motorcycle and Three-Wheeler Taxi Associations: Guidance on Setting-Up an Association and the Association’s Responsibilities to its Members

The findings, on which this manual is based, stem from the 2018 DfID-funded research carried out in Ghana, Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya on the use of motorcycle and three-wheeler taxis in rural contexts. A key recommendation, among others, is that motorcycle and three-wheeler taxi riders should belong to a registered association.

This Tanzania-focused manual is intended to offer guidance and advice to motorcycle and three-wheeler associations as well as their members, in an effort to support and facilitate riders to access training, encourage safer riding, and ensure overall efficiency of operations from set up and structure, to customer care and vehicle maintenance.

To read this manual, please click here.

Instructor’s Manual for the Competency based Curriculum for Training Motorcycle and Tricycle Riders with emphasis on Motorcycle Taxi (Boda Boda) Riders

Motorcycle (boda boda) and motor tricycle (bajaji) taxis are an increasingly utilised form of commercial transport in both urban and rural Africa and beyond. With this new rise of commercial vehicles on the road, issues of safety and riders’ competency have been of real concern; calling for stricter regulation and standards of training. In 2015 through funding from the Africa Community Access Partnership (AfCAP), the Tanzanian Surface and Marine Transport Regulatory Authority (SUMATRA) worked with Transaid to develop a competence based curriculum for motorcycle taxis and tricycles to address these needs.

An Instructor’s Manual, again through AfCAP funding, has recently been developed by Transaid and endorsed by SUMATRA, complementing the existing competence based curriculum. The combination of the curriculum and manual is now expected to improve and standardise the quality of training in Tanzania and enable a large number of training schools to offer effective training to riders. This is particularly relevant now, given the growing dependency on these means of transportation. This Instructor’s Manual is meant to support the work of competence based training institutions, as well as to promote comprehensive good practice for this emerging sub-sector.

To read this manual, please click below.

Technical Brief: Training of Rural Motorcycle and Three-Wheeler Taxi Riders in Sub-Saharan Africa

This technical brief is focused on the state of professional training available to motorcycle and three-wheeler taxi riders in sub-Saharan Africa. The foundations for this brief are laid upon the findings of the 2018 ReCAP-funded research on the use of motorcycle and three-wheeler taxis in Ghana, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. Major findings highlight inconsistencies in the provision of professional training, its quality, availability and affordability.

Understanding how to improve the availability and quality of professional rider training, through the provision of standardised and quality assured curricula and training manuals is essential. These findings couldn’t have come at a better time, given the rise of motorcycle and three-wheeler taxis in rural contexts across sub-Saharan Africa and their increase use by rural people to access markets, health services and livelihoods, not to mention their income generating potential for riders.

To read this brief, please click below.

Policy Brief: Opportunities to maximise the benefits of motorcycle and three-wheeler taxis in rural Africa

This policy brief is intended to enhance the knowledge and understanding of policy makers and other key stakeholders on the benefits of safe use of motorcycle and three-wheeler taxis in rural contexts in sub-Saharan Africa.  A cross-country study was carried out in 2018 in Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda investigating the use of motorcycle and three-wheeler taxis in rural areas. This brief presents the key findings of the research as well as key recommendations for decision-makers.

To read this brief, please click below.

Health Facility Study Report – Adamawa State Emergency Transport Scheme (ETS) Programme

The Comic Relief funded Emergency Transport Scheme (ETS) programme ran in Adamawa State, North East Nigeria, for a five-year period between 2013 and 2018. It focused on reducing the health care access gap for pregnant women in rural communities during delivery or maternal complications, through safe and affordable transport.

Given the limited evidence-based guidance for practitioners and policy-makers in both the health and transport sectors on how best to reduce the negative impact of lack of transport on Africa’s high maternal mortality rates, there is scope for this report to add to global learning and inform decision-makers.

The Adamawa State ETS programme Health Facility Study Report outlines the findings from an investigation to determine if and how the use of ETS correlates to a woman’s health condition upon arrival at a health facility during delivery or a maternal complication.

To read this report, please click below.

Emergency Transport Scheme (ETS) User Survey Report – Adamawa State ETS programme

The Emergency Transport Scheme programme ran in Adamawa State, North East Nigeria, for a five-year period between 2013 and 2018 and was funded by Comic Relief. This focused on bridging the gap in access to health care for pregnant women in rural communities during delivery or maternal complications through providing safe, affordable transport. The programme was implemented by Transaid and Society for Family Health (SFH) in collaboration with the National Union of Road Transport Workers (NURTW), the Adamawa State Government and local communities.

The ETS User Survey Report presents the findings from the Adamawa State ETS programme and gathered both qualitative and quantitative data, which are invaluable in building understanding of the reasons behind ETS users’ choices to make use of the emergency transport scheme. The survey was conducted in March 2017 and gathered data from 150 women on their health and transport seeking behaviour.

To read this report, please click below.